untitled-1 – PDF version of Powhiri stages
During the lecture, Whyte brought attention to the “radical political activist” Tama Iti, who is portrayed by the media as a savage terrorist (Wall 43). The stereotype that surrounds Maori as being “primitive natural athletes”, was used by the media to construct fear against Maori during the Terrior Raids (Wall 42). Due to Tama Iti appearing like a “primitive warrior” with his ta moko, European ideologies instantly associated this with savagery and felt intimidated (Wall 42). However, it is common for the media to single out an individual who fits the stereotypical requirements, in order to manipulate the dominant Pakeha audience, as “Maori have been stereotypically imagined as the Black Other” (Wall 40).
Fig 1: Kingsbeer, Jayson. Powhiri at Whakato Marae. 2011. Photograph. N.p. Info News. Web. 5 Oct 2016.
Fig 2: Powhiri Process. N.d. Photograph. N.p. Te Puia. Web. 5 Oct 2016.
Fig 3: Students arrive at the University’s Te Kupenga o te Maturanga Marae. 2011. Photograph. N.p. Massey. Web. 5 Oct 2016.
Fig 4: Robertson, Alexander. A haka pōwhiri for Prince Harry last year. 2016. Photograph. N.p. Radio NZ. Web. Oct 5 2016.
Fig 5: Woolf, Virginia. Barney Thomas speaks at the powhiri at Te Awhina Marae and Waitangi Day Festival in Motueka. 2016. Photograph. N.p. Stuff. Web. 5 Oct 2016.
Fig 6: Hongi the Maori Greeting. N.d. Photograph. N.p. Hongi the Maori Greeting. Web. 5 Oct 2016.
Fig 7: Curd, Charlotte. Raw Fish Salad. 2015. Photograph. N.p. Stuff. Web. 5 Oct 2016.
Fig 8: Kowhaiwhai Maori Rafter Patterns. N.d. Illustration. N.p. Textile Blog. Web. 5 Oct 2016.
Fig 9: Powhiri. N.d. Photograph. N.p. New Zealand. Web. 5 Oct 2016
Higgins, Rawinia and John C. Moorfield. Ngā Tikanga o te Marae. Auckland: Pearson Education New Zealand Limited, 2004. 73-84. Print.
Wall, Melanie. Stereotypical constructions of the Maori race in the media. New Zealand Geographer, 1997. Print.